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Introduction to it Scripting
For this tutorial, you don't need a Maya scene file. All you need is a directory with a couple of images to play with.
1 STARTING it
Scripting it is done via the it Console. You can access the Console with it started via the Hub by right-clicking and selecting Windows > Console or via the display window by right-clicking and selecting Console
You can also start it via the command line, assuming it is in your path, and can open the Console directly using the -console flag:% it -console
The it Console
2 LOADING AN IMAGE
- In the Console window, use the cd command to navigate to a directory full of images.
- Open the image by typing the following command in the Console window:::ice::load image.tif
- If you look at the it catalog, the image will appear with a _load handle. You can specify a handle using the -h flag after the file name, e.g.::ice::load image.tif -h _it1
- You can open more than one image at a time using the command this way:::ice::load image.*.tif
The console has a convinient feature to make typing these commands easier called "tab completion". It works on both command and file/directory names.
- Type ice:: and the press the tab key. You get a list of all the functions that start with ::ice. You'll see a few commands in there that we've included with it. It's easy to add your own.
- Type ice::loadhe and press tab and then return. You get the idea.
- Say you had a file called image.345.tif type ice::load image and press tab. The console will complete the file name.
Something else to make life easier in the Console are the arrow keys. When the blinking | cursor is on the last line (where you'd normally expect to type) the up and down keys let you cycle through all the commands you've typed. Previous commands can be edited this way.
Try another one of the included commands. This one shows you how you could use IceMan's text rendering to label your images.
- Load an image that's at least 720x480
- Type::ice::slate -topleft %f -bottomright "I like teapots"
An it slate
ice::slate has other arguments, which you can find out about by typing ice::slatehelp.
If you are interested in modifying or making up your own functions you'll find the source to all the ice:: script in the
/lib/it directory in the file named TclIceExtensions.tcl. If you write your own, you can put them in another file with a .tcl extension in that directory.
3 PLAYING WITH IMAGES
Now that you're comfortable getting to and running scripts in the Console you can start to explore all the functions that IceMan has. Let's say you have two images and you want to find the differences between them. Arithmetic on images in IceMan is easy!
- Load two images, labeling the first one _it1 and the second _it2.
- To compute the difference, from the console type:it IceExpr "diff := _it2 - _it1"
- The resulting image is displayed and shows up in your catalog as <script result>, labeled diff.
A diff result
- Let's say that the differences were really small, and you can't quite see them, so you want to multiply them by some factor. This is where using the "up" arrow becomes useful. Press that precious little button and then edit the previous command to read:it IceExpr "diff := (_it2 - _it1) * IceColor(10)"
When you hit return it will update the "diff" image (you just lost the first one, unless you saved it).
A diff operation, multiplied
You might be wondering what IceColor(10) did above. The short answer is it made a special kind of image called a Card which is conceptually infinite in size and has the same value at every pixel. Whenever you need an image that has the same value everywhere use a Card.
Having gone through that operation the long way, it's worth mentioning that there is a shortcut. Looking at differences is so helpful, we included ::ice::diff to save you the all that typing. In the example above, our initial operation could be performed with this simple command:::ice::diff _it2 _it1
it and IceMan provide users with a seriously robust scripting language for manipulating images, without getting overly complex. Take a look at the it documentation for a look at the bigger picture, so to speak. Be sure to check out the IceMan Reference Guide for a complete rundown of what you can do via scripting. And don't be shy about trying out the other it scripting tutorials, which take you through building a Web page via script and combining tcl and IceMan scripts.
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